CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the Cannabid sativa plant, whish is also known as marijuana or help, according to the US National Library of Medicine. It's a naturally occurring substance that's used in products like oils and edibles to impart a feeling of relaxation and calm. Unlike its cousin, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the major active ingredient in marijuana, CBD is not psychoactive.
The cannabis plant is made up of two main players: CBD and THC. "CBD is the non-psychoactive portion of the plant, so what that means is you won't have any effects like euphoria.
All cannabinoids produce effects in the body by interacting with cannabinoid receptors, which form part of the endocannabinoid system.
The body produces two receptors
CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, particularly in the brain. They co-ordinate movement, pain, emotion, mood, thinking, appetite, memories, and other functions.
CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.
THC attaches to CB1 receptors but CBD stimulates the receptors so that the body produces its own cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids.
There are various ways of using CBD oil. These are not the same as using or smoking whole cannabis.
If a doctor prescribes CBD for epilepsy, it is important to follow their instructions.
Ways of using CBD products include:
mixing them into food or drink
taking them with a pipette or dropper
massaging a paste into the skin
spraying it under the tongue
Recommended dosages vary between individuals and depend on factors such as:
the concentration of the product
the reason for using CBD
The dosage that a person takes will depend on the method of administration that they are using and the specific product.
Methods of administration include:
- CBD oil solutions
- CBD capsules
- tablets that a person places under the tongue (sublingual)
- nasal sprays